Koowâh “White Pine”

White and red pine has always been a sacred tree for S.N.E.A people. this plant has traditional uses in creation stories and funerary practices.


Finding its inner bark and resins to be a healing wonder for coughs, bronchitis, laryngitis and chest congestion. When Europeans first arrived in America, they reportedly followed the wisdom of the natives and drank tea made with Eastern White Pine needles to ward off disease. The blue-green needles are extremely rich in vitamin C.

Eastern White Pine produces a sap that is naturally antibacterial, hence its historic use as a wound treatment.

Pequot children were often sent out with berry picking baskets to collect these fruits which were eaten fresh, used for baking, or dried and preserved for later use. The fruits could also be crushed and used to make dye.
Oak has many traditional and post-colonial contact uses. During the farmstead era of the 1700-1800s, oak was used for house framing and tool handles where other aspects like acorn foraging has continued since pre contact.