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Moosuman (ee) “Shagbark Hickory”, Wusqatumun (ee) “Black Walnut”, and Showeemun (ee) “Beech Nut”

These trees produce abundant quantities of mast (nuts). These nuts name for fantastic natural dyes.

Edible

Shagbark Hickory

Edible Nuts: The shagbark hickory produces edible nuts that are grown commercially. The meat of the nut tastes similar to, but milder than, black walnut. It’s nutritious, containing plenty of protein and fiber.

Bark: The bark of the shagbark hickory is one of the most distinct in North America. It peels off the trunk in large 1-foot-long strips. Native Americans used the bark for flavoring syrup. When baked and boiled to make tea, it could be turned into syrup by adding equal parts sugar.

Black Walnut

Edible Nuts: Black walnuts produce nuts with a rich flavor. Pequots consumed them both raw and incorporated them into various dishes.

Beech Nut

Edible Nuts: Beech nuts were consumed by Pequots. They are small, triangular nuts found within the prickly husks of the beech tree.

Cooking Oil: Beech nuts contain oil, which can be extracted and used as a cooking oil.

Medical

Black Walnut

Medicinal Uses: Black walnut was used for its medicinal properties, treating conditions such as dysentery, diarrhea, and sore throat.

Beech Nut

Edible Nuts: Beech nuts were consumed by Pequots. They are small, triangular nuts found within the prickly husks of the beech tree.

Cooking Oil: Beech nuts contain oil, which can be extracted and used as a cooking oil.
Medicinal Uses: The bark and leaves of the beech tree were used in traditional medicine.

Tools

Shagbark Hickory

Wood: The tough wood was sought by Pequots for making bows and snowshoes.

Range: The native range of the shagbark hickory spans from Minnesota to Southern Texas, East to South Carolina and the Atlantic Coast, and then North to New England and parts of Canada. It has adapted to various climates, from hot temperatures in Southern Texas to frigid winters in Minnesota and Maine.

Black Walnut

Wood: The wood was valuable for making tools, furniture, and other items.

Range: Black walnut trees are native to North America and can be found across a wide range of climates.

Beech Nut

Range: Beech trees are native to eastern North America, from Maine to Florida and west to Texas