Pahkutumus (ee) “White Oak”

Oak has many traditional and post-colonial contact uses. During the farmstead era of the 1700-1800s, oak was used for house framing and tool handles where other aspects like acorn foraging has continued since pre contact.


White oaks produce acorns with the lowest tannin content, making them easier to process for eating. Look for oak trees with fallen acorns around them.

Harvest Time: Gather acorns anytime from September until early spring. Collecting as the acorns fall is ideal.

Low-Calorie Snack: Acorns are low in calories (144 calories in 1 ounce).

Rich in Vitamins: They provide Vitamins A and Antioxidants: Acorns contain beneficial antioxidants Ways to Enjoy Acorns: Acorn

Flour: Use the ground acorn flour in baking, pancakes, or as a thickener. Roasted Nuts: Roast acorns like chestnuts for a nutty snack.

Acorn Oil: Some foragers make acorn oil


Medicinal Properties:

Bark: White oak bark has been used traditionally for its medicinal properties:

Diarrhea: White oak bark is known to be effective in treating diarrhea by tightening and toning the intestinal walls.
Wounds and Skin Irritation: Its astringent properties help reduce inflammation and speed up wound healing.


Mushooy Making: The versatility of white oak extends to crafting canoes, where its resilience against water and decay ensures longevity on waterways

White and red pine has always been a sacred tree for S.N.E.A people. this plant has traditional uses in creation stories and funerary practices.
This can be eaten fresh and have very fleshy fruits. Hawthorn seeds have been found in multiple archaeological sites here on the reservation.